A Kinght OutSir Ian McKellen on:

    Oscar Wilde

    In April 1895, Oscar Wilde was arrested and taken to the police station and charged by the State with committing "indecent acts." You and I might call them acts of love. The same night, his name was removed from the bills outside the London theatres where his hit shows "The Importance of Being Earnest" and "An Ideal Husband" were playing. It was the same at the Broadway theatres, where the same plays were playing. A month later, again in both cities, Wilde's plays were taken off, lest they were an embarrassment to the theatrical profession on both sides of the Atlantic. There was no popular movement in either country in support of the victim.

    Oscar Wilde: the crime of which you have been convicted is so bad, that it is of no use for me to address you. People who can do these things must be dead to all sense of shame. It is the worst case I have ever tried. I shall be expected to pass the severest sentence that the law allows. In my judgement it is totally inadequate. The sentence of the Court is that you be imprisoned and kept to hard labour for two years.

    To which the gay poet A.E.Housman replied, on behalf of us all, against whom the State discriminates:

      The laws of God, the laws of man,
      He may keep that will and can;
      Not I: let God and man decree
      Laws for themselves and not for me;
      And if my ways are not as theirs
      Let them mind their own affairs.
      Their deeds I judge and much condemn,
      Yet when did I make laws for them?
      Please yourselves say I, and they
      Need only look the other way.
      But no, they will not; they must still
      Rest their neighbour to their will
      And make me dance as they desire
      With jail and gallows and hell-fire.
      And how am I to face the odds
      Of Man's bedevilment and God's?
      I a stranger and afraid
      In a world I never made.
      They will be master, right or wrong;
      Though both are foolish, both are strong.
      And since, my soul, we cannot fly
      To Saturn or to Mercury,
      Keep we must, if keep we can,
      These foreign laws of God and Man.

    Housman sent these and other verses to Reading Gaol as Wilde started his two year's sentence on 25 May 1895.

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